+44 (0)1254 586 700

Ferrous & Non-Ferrous Metals and their Uses

Put in the simplest terms, ferrous metals are those which contain iron, whilst non ferrous metals don’t have any iron content. There are, however, other differences between the two types of metal which have a strong bearing upon the tasks which they are usually called upon to perform.

Ferrous Metals

The following are ferrous metals and the kind of uses to which they are usually put:

  • Mild Steel – Carbon content of 0.1 to 0.3% and Iron content of 99.7 – 99.9%. Used for engineering purposes and in general, none specialised metal products.
  • Carbon steel – Carbon content of 0.6 to 1.4% and Iron content of 98.6 to 99.4 %.  Used to make cutting tools such as drill bits.
  • Cast Iron – carbon 2 – 6% and Iron at 94 to 98%. Very strong but brittle. Used to manufacture items such as engine blocks and manhole covers.
  • Wrought Iron – Composed of almost 100% iron. Used to make items such as ornamental gates and fencing. Has fallen out of use somewhat.

Non Ferrous Metals

These are the non ferrous metals and their uses:

  • Aluminium – An alloy of aluminium, copper and manganese. Very lightweight and easily worked. Used in aircraft manufacture, window frames and some kitchen ware.
  • Copper – Copper is a natural occurring substance. The fact that it conducts heat and electricity means that it is used for wiring, tubing and pipe work.
  • Brass – A combination of copper and zinc, usually in the proportions of 65% to 35% respectively. Is used for ornamental purposes and within electrical fittings.
  • Silver – Mainly a natural substance, but mixing with copper creates sterling silver. Used for decorative impact in jewellery and ornaments, and also to solder different metals together.
  • Lead – Lead is a naturally occurring substance. It is heavy and very soft and is often used in roofing, in batteries and to make pipes.

About Castle Metals

Castle Metals are a supplier of metal alloys specialising in stainless steel, certified to high standards, with a variety of cutting processes available from their facility.
This entry was posted in Metal Alloys, Stainless Steel. Bookmark the permalink.

21 Responses to Ferrous & Non-Ferrous Metals and their Uses

  1. Suki says:

    Very good information. very informative in the best and most simplist way for even a novice ta learn and understand, This was the first page of information I looked at to learn about different kinds of metals, ferrous and non ferrous, and I am happy to look no further, as I am very happy with all the infomation given. brilliant.

  2. Murph says:

    Excellent explanation…..
    Concise & to the point

  3. chloe says:

    this is one of the only websites that has straight up helped me with an assignment. Thank you. I might have failed otherwise

  4. Anthony says:

    Anthony Thank you very much, I was able to get the information that I need, for my assignment coming up in flying colour. With clear and straight to the point , “I am very happy” Thank you the best site.

  5. nathan anderton - from MECNW says:

    thankyou very much this has realy helped me with all my collage work i dont think i cud of done it with out your help thanks guys hope i see you in the near future

  6. guruprasad says:

    nice good information…

  7. magesh says:

    difference between ferrous & non ferrous has been explained very nice

  8. kane says:

    thank you

  9. kanimoli says:

    Very clearly understood about ferrous & non ferrous metals.

  10. Bhumi says:

    Bauxite is non ferrous …but it do contains small amount of Fe2O3.Then why it non ferrous???

  11. Justin says:

    It’s a very good separation between ferrous and non-ferrous metals. well explained and thank you.

  12. Megan says:

    Doesn’t help me at all!

  13. harleycrash says:

    Very informative. Thanks

  14. tahir says:

    nice knowledge

  15. Tony says:

    excellent. Would be good to get colour coding to see what mixtures will make up new material – e,g. Brass (Copper & Zinc)

  16. Elvis mcgee says:

    very good indeed

  17. Mad alex says:

    cant thank you enough you mad scientist

  18. Jawed says:


  19. Sathyamurthy says:

    Very useful information about ferrous and non ferrous metals

Please Leave a Comment